What happens when a baby has hydrocephalus?

The impact of hydrocephalus on a newborn is somewhat unpredictable and can vary in severity. Because it injures the brain, children with hydrocephalus may have epilepsy, learning disabilities, short-term memory loss, problems with coordination, vision problems, and early onset of puberty.

Do babies with hydrocephalus survive?

Children often have a full life span if hydrocephalus is caught early and treated. Infants who undergo surgical treatment to reduce the excess fluid in the brain and survive to age 1 will not have a shortened life expectancy due to hydrocephalus.

Do babies with hydrocephalus grow into their heads?

It’s normal for a baby’s head to grow a lot during the first year. But with congenital hydrocephalus, the head may grow faster than the normal rate for a baby’s height and weight.

How does a baby get hydrocephalus?

There is no one cause for the type of hydrocephalus babies are born with. It may be linked to a genetic defect or a complication of another disorder, such as spina bifida or encephaloceles. Children may also develop hydrocephalus after birth as a complication of: premature birth.

INTERESTING:  Can miscarriage be genetic?

What is the survival rate of hydrocephalus?

Survival in untreated hydrocephalus is poor. Approximately, 50% of the affected patients die before three years of age and approximately 80% die before reaching adulthood. Treatment markedly improves the outcome for hydrocephalus not associated with tumors, with 89% and 95% survival in two case studies.

How long can you live with a shunt?

The shunt event-free survival is approximately 70% at 12 months and is nearly half that at 10 years, post-operatively. Shunts that are placed to channel CSF to other parts of the body may fail due to malfunction or infection.

Is hydrocephalus a birth defect?

Hydrocephalus is one of the most common “birth defects” affecting more than 10,000 babies each year. One out of every 500 newborns has hydrocephalus.

Can a child with hydrocephalus walk?

Most children who have hydrocephalus make a successful recovery after surgery and go on to lead healthy lives. Many children with pediatric hydrocephalus have normal intelligence and physical development, but some may be slower to develop skills such as hand-eye coordination or learning to walk.

Can hydrocephalus correct itself?

Hydrocephalus is due to the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the cavities deep within the brain. Hydrocephalus is a condition of the brain where there is a pressure-induced deterioration of brain functions. It does not go away on its own and needs special treatment.

What happens if baby’s head is too big?

Macrocephaly is the term for an unusually large head. An infant with macrocephaly will have a larger head than most other infants of the same age and sex. In many cases, this condition is benign or harmless. In other cases, it may indicate an underlying medical condition, such as a genetic syndrome or a brain tumor.

INTERESTING:  How many mL should a 7lb baby drink?

What does hydrocephalus look like?

How is hydrocephalus diagnosed? If you suspect that you or your child has hydrocephalus, your doctor will perform a physical exam to look for signs and symptoms. In children, doctors check for eyes that are sunken in, slow reflexes, a bulging fontanel, and a head circumference that is larger than normal for their age.

Does hydrocephalus affect speech?

How Does Hydrocephalus Affect Communication? Can cause delays in physical and cognitive development if untreated and can lead to death. Expressive language (spoken) is stronger than receptive language (understanding spoken language).

How do you treat a baby with hydrocephalus?

7 Tips for Caring for a Child with Hydrocephalus

  1. Build a Support Network. …
  2. Learn How to Monitor a Shunt. …
  3. Do Not Let Them Play with Magnets. …
  4. Pay Close Attention to Their Development. …
  5. Be Aware That They May Need Special Education. …
  6. Recognize Emergencies. …
  7. Teach Your Child About Hydrocephalus.

What are the side effects of having a shunt?

Shunt infection

  • redness and tenderness along the line of the shunt.
  • a high temperature.
  • headache.
  • vomiting.
  • neck stiffness.
  • tummy pain if the shunt drains into your tummy.
  • irritability or sleepiness in babies.

Can shunt be removed?

Once the shunt has been proven to be unnecessary, it can be removed – typically as an outpatient procedure. Careful long-term follow-up is necessary to evaluate for recurrence of hydrocephalus requiring shunt replacement.

Can a child outgrow hydrocephalus?

In most cases, the implantation of a shunt will successfully control hydrocephalus, but shunts do not cure hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus is a lifelong condition. However, with proper treatment and maintenance, children with hydrocephalus can lead normal lives with few limitations.

INTERESTING:  You asked: Why is my 6 month old not drinking his formula?