Everybody needs vitamin D – it helps us to absorb the right amount of calcium and phosphate. It is especially important in pregnancy as it helps your baby’s bones, teeth, kidneys, heart and nervous system to develop.
What happens if a pregnant woman doesn’t get enough vitamin D?
Inadequate vitamin D can lead to abnormal bone growth, fractures, or rickets in newborns. Some studies link vitamin D deficiency to a higher risk of pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, preterm birth, and low birth weight, but more research is needed to confirm these links.
What is the daily requirement of vitamin D in pregnancy?
When vitamin D deficiency is identified during pregnancy, most experts agree that 1,000–2,000 international units per day of vitamin D is safe. Higher dose regimens used for treatment of vitamin D deficiency have not been studied during pregnancy.
Why is calcium and vitamin D important during pregnancy?
Vitamin D status and calcium are important nutrients for skeletal growth and bone health. Children and pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to vitamin D deficiency (VDD). Multiple studies have linked VDD to adverse health outcomes in both children and pregnant women.
What trimester is vitamin D most important?
Because calcium demands increase in the third trimester of pregnancy, vitamin D status becomes crucial for maternal health, fetal skeletal growth, and optimal maternal and fetal outcomes.
Do prenatal vitamins have vitamin D?
Most prenatal vitamins have around 400 IU of vitamin D, and most health groups recommend taking no more than 2,000 IU of the vitamin in supplement form daily.
What happens if you take too much vitamin D while pregnant?
The problem of excessive vitamin D intake during pregnancy is linked to the risk of hypercalcemia in the foetus, which is not a minor disease. The highest daily dose evaluated in pregnancy is 4,000 IU/day.
Can low levels of vitamin D cause miscarriage?
Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy is linked to adverse outcomes, including preeclampsia, insulin resistance, gestational diabetes, increased risk of infections, preterm labor, and recurrent miscarriage.
What vitamins should you avoid when pregnant?
If you’re pregnant, you should avoid supplements and multivitamins containing vitamin A (retinol) – as too much of it can harm your baby’s development. You should also avoid liver and liver products (including fish liver oil), as they are high in vitamin A.
Can you take vitamin D and folic acid together?
No interactions were found between folic acid and Vitamin D3. This does not necessarily mean no interactions exist. Always consult your healthcare provider.