How do pesticides affect pregnancy?

Being in contact with pesticides is harmful, especially during pregnancy. It may lead to miscarriages, preterm births, low birth weight, birth defects and learning problems in children. Living or working in an area with crops, you may be exposed to large amounts of pesticides.

Which pesticides cause birth defects?

Back in 2009, researchers found that babies conceived during atrazine spray season are more likely to suffer a range of birth defects. Now researchers in Indiana are finding that a rare birth defect called ‘gastroschisis’ shows up more often among babies conceived when atrazine levels are high.

Can pesticides affect fertility?

Reproductive effects that have been associated with pesticide exposure in women are decreased fertility, spontaneous abortions, stillbirth, premature birth, low birth weight, developmental abnormalities, ovarian disorders, and disruption of the hormonal function [23,24].

Can you have your house sprayed for bugs when pregnant?

The safest plan is to avoid using pesticides or insecticides in your home, on your pets, or in the garden during pregnancy. Especially avoid them during the first trimester when the baby’s neural tube and nervous system are developing.

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What are symptoms of pesticides?

The most commonly reported early symptoms include headache, nausea, dizziness, and increased secretions, such as sweating, salivation, tearing and respiratory secretions. Progressive symptoms include muscle twitching, weakness, tremor, incoordination, vomiting, abdominal cramps and diarrhea.

How do pesticides affect reproduction?

Exposure of men or women to certain pesticides at sufficient doses may increase the risk for sperm abnormalities, decreased fertility, a deficit of male children, spontaneous abortion, birth defects or fetal growth retardation. Pesticides from workplace or environmental exposures enter breast milk.

What chemicals can cause infertility?

The worst fertility disrupters are organochlorine compounds (chlorinated pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and dioxins), bisphenol A (BPA), and organophosphate pesticides and herbicides. However, many other chemicals, metals, and air pollutants seriously damage fertility.

Can pesticides cause miscarriage?

Exposure to pesticides could increase your chances of having a miscarriage, a baby with birth defects, or other problems. Some pesticides also may be able to pass into breast milk. Here, you can learn more about these chemicals and what you can do to reduce your exposure for a healthier pregnancy.

Can bug spray harm my unborn baby?

Are some OK? Pesticides used to kill insects can harm a growing fetus, so pregnant women should stay away from them as much as possible. Exposure to them may cause miscarriage, early delivery, and birth defects.

What happens if you inhale chemicals while pregnant?

If you inhale (breathe in) solvents, you risk liver, kidney and brain damage and even death. During pregnancy, exposure to (coming in contact with) solvents, especially if you work with them, may cause problems for you and your baby, including: Miscarriage.

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How do you get pesticides out of your body?

Most pesticides are broken down and removed from the body by the liver and kidneys. These organs also remove prescription drugs from the body. The liver and kidneys may become less able to remove pesticides from the body if someone is taking several types of prescription drugs.

How long do pesticides stay in your body?

Pesticide half-lives can be lumped into three groups in order to estimate persistence. These are low (less than 16 day half-life), moderate (16 to 59 days), and high (over 60 days). Pesticides with shorter half-lives tend to build up less because they are much less likely to persist in the environment.

What happens when pesticides enter your body?

Dermal exposure happens when your skin is exposed to pesticides. This can cause irritation or burns. In more serious cases, your skin can absorb the pesticide into the body, causing other health effects. Some pesticides evaporate more easily than others so they are more likely to be inhaled.