Microcephaly in children is a rare and genetic condition. Some children with microcephaly are both with normal intelligence and have normal developmental milestones, but their heads will always be smaller than normal children for their age and sex. Even in such cases, a regular follow-up with the doctor is advised.
Can microcephaly correct itself?
There is no treatment for microcephaly that will return the baby’s head to a normal size or shape. Microcephaly is a lifelong condition that has no cure.
Can a child with microcephaly live a normal life?
There is no standard life expectancy for microcephalic babies because outcomes depend on so many factors, and the severity of the condition can range from mild to severe. Babies with mild microcephaly may still meet the same milestones like speaking, sitting and walking as a child without the disorder.
Can microcephaly go away?
There’s no cure for microcephaly, but there are treatments to help with development, behavior, and seizures. If your child has mild microcephaly, they’ll need regular doctor checkups to monitor how they grow and develop. Children who have more severe cases need lifelong treatment to control symptoms.
What is considered mild microcephaly?
Microcephaly is a birth defect in which a baby’s head is smaller than expected, compared to babies of the same sex and age. Babies with mild microcephaly often don’t have problems other than small head size.
Should I be concerned if my baby’s head is small?
Chances are your doctor will detect microcephaly at the baby’s birth or at a regular well-baby checkup. However, if you think your baby’s head is smaller than normal or isn’t growing as it should, talk to your doctor.
Can microcephaly be misdiagnosed?
Recently, microcephaly has usually been misdiagnosed only by ultrasound via measurement of head circumfer- ence (HC). Different literatures use different standards for diagnosis of microcephaly with head circumference.
Why is my baby’s head so small?
During pregnancy, a baby’s head grows because the baby’s brain grows. Microcephaly can occur because a baby’s brain has not developed properly during pregnancy or has stopped growing after birth, which results in a smaller head size.
What happens if baby’s head doesn’t grow?
It’s important because it can indicate how well their brain is growing. If your baby’s brain isn’t growing properly, they may have a condition known as microcephaly. Microcephaly is a condition in which your baby’s head is smaller than those of other children of the same age and sex.
When should I be concerned about my baby’s head circumference?
Head circumference charts
The head doesn’t grow much after the fontanelles (soft spots) close at around 18 months, though pediatricians still usually measure head circumference in children up to age 2 (and sometimes even until age 3).
How can I help my baby’s head grow?
Put your baby on your chest on their tummy facing you and softly talk to them to try to encourage them to lift their head. Put your baby, belly down, on your thighs and gently rub their back. Holding your baby upright over your shoulder while gently supporting their head also strengthens their neck and back muscles.
What size head is microcephaly?
Normal head circumferences in term infants range from 32 to 38 cm. Microcephaly is defined as a head circumference 2 standard deviations (SDs) below the mean for age and sex or roughly less than the 2nd percentile.
Can you see microcephaly in ultrasound?
Microcephaly may be diagnosed during pregnancy with ultrasound. Microcephaly is most easily diagnosed by ultrasound late in the second trimester or early in the third trimester of pregnancy.
What happens if head circumference is small?
Signs and symptoms of microcephaly may include a smaller than normal head circumference that usually remains smaller than normal as the child grows, dwarfism or short stature, delayed motor and speech functions, mental retardation, seizures, facial distortions, hyperactivity, balance and coordination problems, and …
What does having a small head mean?
Microcephaly is a condition in which a person’s head size is much smaller than that of others of the same age and sex. Head size is measured as the distance around the top of the head. A smaller than normal size is determined using standardized charts.